On December 1, 1999, when Hoi An was heard by the World Heritage Committee to vote on the World Heritage list, all Hoi An people were happy to burst out, each people, cars with flags, banners were poured to the welcome, although it was heavy rain, winds, floods some roads in the AQ. Then on December 4, 1999, UNESCO officially honored Hoi An Ancient Town on the list of World Cultural Heritage.
The first and most striking thing to note is the awareness of the whole community. Almost in Hoi An today, from a cadre, civil servant, civil servant to individual Hoi An people, the political system to sectors, levels of government, fronts, associations - unions Responsibility, awareness of the need to preserve and promote cultural heritages and natural heritages to make the tourism economy benefit the whole community. And also understand that the loss of heritage is the loss of economic, cultural and social life of the people of Hoi An not only today but also tomorrow. This is clearly demonstrated by the supportive participation and awareness of the whole community with the city's policies and projects such as: Night City, Walking Street, machine; Registering standard service points; To participate in preserving the environment and green city landscape in accordance with the project of building an eco-city, or building a lifestyle, behaving civilized, family and cultural families in the project of building a city. cultural street. In both big programs of the Party and the state such as building new countryside, or the program of economic development island sea - World Biosphere Reserve Cu Lao Cham - Hoi An ... also associated with preservation culture, nature, villages, villages, develop services to do tourism. Individuals have a high awareness of observing the regulations on repairing the renovation of houses and monuments. The violation of monuments, violations in the repair, maintenance, construction of housing in the AQ significantly reduced. Many landlords and business owners have chosen to beautify their houses and business establishments according to architectural trends, traditional landscape and ecological-cultural environment.
Hoi An is gentle and hospitable.
The second thing is happy to see that, from 1999 to now, the landscape from urban to rural Hoi An more and more spacious changes, clean and beautiful. Especially, the AQ, relics, villages, craft villages have been changed back to the original, to ensure the principle of conservation, firmer, more ancient, attract more tourists, experience This change is due to the consciousness, investment concerns of each house, each community, each level of government. The most frequently paid attention is the renovation, repair and upgrading of urban and rural infrastructure and landscapes, monuments from various sources (state budget, people, and sponsors of with the total cost of nearly VND150 billion (an average of more than VND8 billion per year), for a total of 160 state owned monuments and 232 monuments belonging to private ownership , group. Not to mention the cost of the relics - houses, religious establishments are granted annual self repair investment (according to the average annual data of nearly 200 turns - housing is licensed. repair, renovation). There is an effective linkage between conservation investment programs, economic development, culture, education, health care, rural development, coastal economic development, etc. The goal of preserving the cultural and natural heritage and developing the tourism economy according to the resolutions of the Party and People's Councils is to build Hoi An city and the eco-cultural-tourist city.
In particular, the implementation of the project "Emergency restoration of relics in danger of collapse in the AQ" according to the investment decision of the People's Committee of Quang Nam province from 2005 to present for nearly 100 dioceses housing - from the budget of 40% of the province budget, 60% of the city, together with the capital of the national target program on culture, and contribution of the owners of houses, monuments, populations The architecture of Hoi An ancient town has overcome the emergency phase of collapse, loss of relics and related to human life. Moreover, referring to the preservation of cultural heritage, tourism development in Hoi An, we can not fail to mention great achievements in research, preservation and promotion of intangible cultural values. Over the past 20 years, the city budget has spent billions of VND on researching and compiling scientific records on cultural heritage; published more than 30 books on history, archeology, culinary culture, festivals, customs, beliefs, traditional crafts, information about relics and heritage; And dozens of units of tapes, films, music ...
Especially, Hoi An has set up 6 specialized museums, memorials, exhibits with nearly 10,000 objects (this is the only case in Vietnam, the district has been), this year has welcomed nearly 1 million visitors, research. On that basis, a number of unique tourism products have been created: the Old Town, the walking street, the street without motorbikes, the cultural space ... with many ceremonies, festivals and activities. traditional culture and the organization of many cultural events; tours of waterways, villages, traditional villages, sea-islands ... together with many activities of cooperation, cultural exchange, association, touring art between Hoi An and many local in the country. , and in other countries: Hong Kong - China, Italy, Thailand, Germany, Japan, South Korea ... make Hoi An image increasingly spread all over the world, more attractive, unique collection Many visitors visit, enjoy.
The achievements of the past 18 years in Hoi An are enormous, with many practical lessons, valuable. But Hoi An today enters a new phase, which still has many inherent risks, while new threats and challenges are emerging: the threat of global climate change The Hoi An area is also the focus in the central region of Vietnam, where storms, floods and sea level rise, river bank erosion, coastal erosion, flooding, and the consequences of flood discharges, the risk of dam breaking in the upstream; then the risk of fire and explosion due to overload by human service activities in the AQ; The pressure of the population problem, the density and composition of the population in urban areas are increasing rapidly, especially in the AQ and the negative impact of urbanization and tourism development.
Buying pictures, selling pictures, scavengers, crowding, displaying messy and objectionable goods, thus seriously affecting the integrity and authenticity of cultural heritages and landscapes. , relic landscape and social relations, family, tribe. On the other hand, the infrastructure of major tourist routes is overloaded and severely degraded; skilled labor force, quality in the field of tourism services is not serious enough to meet the needs of development today vietnamhoiantours.com/about_us.html
. Consequently, conservation planning, promotion and promotion always pose challenges that need to be addressed in relation to them: conservation and development; Conservation has ensured the principle of truthfulness, moderate to meet the needs of the lives of contemporary residents; the relationship between the issue of population and population in the dynamics related to the preservation of intangible and intangible cultural heritage values, to the social and community relations, in family, family; the relationship between the interests of the whole community and the rights and interests of individual and individual groups.
Fortunately, the shortcomings mentioned above have been deeply aware, serious and responsible for the heritage of the Party, People's Council, authorities and people in Hoi An city. For many years, many problems have been overcome and overcome. Inevitably, problems can not be resolved overnight, but the responsibility lies first with the owners of the Heritage - the Party, the Government and the people of Hoi An. The time has come for the attention of the Government, of all levels, branches, local and lovers of this heritage.